Feline panleukopenia is a highly contagious, often fatal, viral disease of cats that is seen worldwide. Kittens are affected most severely. The causative parvovirus. Feline Panleukopenia virus (FPV), also commonly referred to as feline distemper, is a highly contagious and life-threatening viral disease in cats. Learn more. Feline panleukopenia virus is highly contagious. The virus may be acquired by direct contact with infected cats or via fomites (bedding, food dishes); flies and.
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Affected cats may sit for hours at their water bowl, although they may not drink much.
Pathogenesis of feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvovirus.
Long-term immunity in cats vaccinated with an inactivated trivalent vaccine. It is caused by feline parvovirusa close relative of both type 2 canine parvovirus and mink enteritis. Neutropenia is a more consistent finding than lymphopenia. J Vet Intern Med; Even if a cat survives acute FPL, late complications such as cardiomyopathy and myocarditis can occur, though there have never been any reported cases of hematologic or gastrointestinal sequalae, and it seems that late myocarditis or cardiomyopathy is extremely rare in feline panleukopenia-affected cats.
Treatment No specific treatment is available for FPV infection and it is vital that any suspected cases are nursed in isolation as this is a highly contagious disease.
How to guides Keeping your cat happy The cat vlrus home Playing with your cat Indoors or outdoors? Infectious diseases of the dog and cat, Philadelphia: In a disease outbreak, unvaccinated kittens or adults can be given anti-FPV serum containing FPV antibodies subcutaneously or intraperitoneally, which may protect for 2—4 weeks.
Clinical disease In kittens over three or four weeks of age and in pqnleukopenia cats the virus causes a very severe gastroenteritis, following an incubation period of five to nine days. No specific treatment is available for FPV infection and it is vital that any suspected cases are nursed in isolation as this is a highly contagious disease.
Kittens may initially seem fine, but as they start to move and walk it becomes obvious that they are highly uncoordinated.
Treatment of canine parvoviral enteritis with interferon-omega in a placebo-controlled field trial. Retrieved 26 May It is reline referred to as panleukopenia virus because one of the results of infection is the development of a low white blood cell count which is what panleucopenia means. Panleukopenia is primarily spread through contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids, feces, or other fomites feoine, as well as by fleas.
Feline panleukopenia – Wikipedia
However, it is not intended to be used as a substitute for going to the vet. Inhibitory effects of recombinant feline interferon on the replication of feline enteropathogenic viruses panleukopenai vitro. Retrieved 30 May However, fecal antigen is detectable vigus for a short time after infection. Protective clothing must be worn and hands washed thoroughly after handling any cat or kitten suspected of having the disease. This is why administering modified live feline panleukopenia vaccine during pregnancy is discouraged.
Cat diseases Animal virology. Even cats kept indoors can be infected since the virus is panleujopenia stable that it can be transmitted on fomites. This is often key in diagnosing panleukopenia. Terminal cases are hypothermic and may develop septic shock and disseminated intravascular virux. This was the first disease of cats to be shown to be caused by a virus, and parvoviruses are particularly dangerous as they are able to survive for long periods up to several years in the environment, and are resistant to many disinfectants.
Treatment of dogs naturally infected with canine parvovirus with lyophilized canine IgG. Pansystemic diseases, Feline panleukopenia feline distemper “.
Feline infectious enteritis (parvovirus, panleukopenia virus)
Modified live vaccines should not be used in pregnant queens or cats that are immunosuppressed and, in celine cases, inactivated killed vaccines are recommended. Affected cats often die from dehydration and massive secondary infection, so aggressive support with intravenous fluids and broad spectrum antibiotics are crucial, but even with this, a high proportion felinw affected cats may die.
This article needs additional citations for verification. A number of combination vaccines for several different diseases, including panleukopenia, are also available. In other projects Wikispecies. Feline panleukopaenia and canine parvovirus are extremely closely related, but viruses cannot be transmitted between dogs and cats. Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 NCBI: Feline parvovirus is much better prevented than treated.
This is because the virus affects the infected cat’s immune system, leaving it vulnerable to secondary infection. Typically, it also causes a decrease in hematocrit and platelet counts on a complete blood count.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The most prevalent one is dehydration, which develops in almost all FPL-infected cats that are clinically ill.
The patients’ severe leukocytopenia predispose them to secondary infections, especially bacterial and fungal, though secondary viral infections also occur with some frequency. At the beginning of the s, cats brought to Marion Islandone of the Panleukopfnia Edward Islandsto deal with a mouse problem in the local meteorological geline, went out of growth control.
Complications are quite common in feline panleukopenia [FPL]. Diagnosis can sometimes be confirmed using an in-office immunochromatographic test kit intended for detection of fecal CPV antigen. Feline interferon has been shown to be useful in managing dogs with parvovirus infection. All about cats Getting a cat Caring for your cat Cat behaviour Cat health.
Common diseases of companion animals 3rd ed.