aspects of classic attribution theories that are not generally Fritz Heider developed models of attribution for both object perception and person. According to Heider, there are two main ideas of Attribution Theory, was developed by Fritz Heider in an attempt to explore the nature of. Attribution theory was developed by the social psychologists Heider, Kelley, The theory is concerned with how people explain or attribute various causes to.
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Back Next Attribution theory and motivation. Attribution theory was developed by the social psychologists Heider, Kelley, Jones and Ross. The theory is concerned with how people explain or attribute various causes to events.
Attribution (psychology) – Wikipedia
According to the ‘attribution theory’ it is normal for people to look for explanations or causes – that can be attributed to their own success or failure. An assumption of the attribution theory is that people will interpret their environment in such a way as to maintain a positive self-image. There are three main categories of attributes for explaining success or failure: Internal or external Stable or unstable Controllable or uncontrollable.
Examples of internal factors may be that you are either stupid or bright or not interested etc.
It seems women tend rheory point to internal factors more than the seemingly more self-confident men. External factors are anything or anybody else you can blame.
An outcome can also be perceived as stable or unstable. If you think the outcome is stable, then it is likely to be the same the next time as well.
If, on the contrary, it is unstable, the outcome will probably be different on another occasion. If you tend to go for the stable explanation, you may tend to rationalise: If you point to the unstable explanation on the other hand, you think you might succeed if you put in more or smarter efforts. Success or failure factors may be either controllable or uncontrollable.
A controllable factor you can alter or influence if you wish to do so. An uncontrollable factor is one that you cannot easily alter.
If you fail in your studies, you can thus attribute this to external, uncontrollable factors by blaming the bad school and the poor teachers.
This situation you can perceive as stable: No matter how hard you try, these uncontrollable external factors will ensure your failure.
In other words, you have very good explanations for your failure, and others are to blame.
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